National Invasive Species Information Center (2022)

Provides selected Database resources from agencies and organizations with an interest in the prevention, control, or eradication of invasive species.


  • United States Register of Introduced and Invasive Species (US-RIIS)

    • Nov 30, 2021

    • DOI. United States Geological Survey.

    • Introduced (non-native) species that becomes established may eventually become invasive, so tracking introduced species provides a baseline for effective modeling of species trends and interactions, geospatially and temporally.

      The United States Register of Introduced and Invasive Species (US-RIIS) is comprised of three lists, one each for Alaska, Hawaii, and the conterminous United States. Each list includes introduced (non-native), established (reproducing) taxa that: are, or may become, invasive (harmful) in the locality; are not known to be harmful there; and/or have been used for biological control in the locality.

      To be included in the US-RIIS, a taxon must be non-native everywhere in the locality and established (reproducing) anywhere in the locality. Native pest species are not included. The US-RIIS builds on a previous dataset, A Comprehensive List of Non-Native Species Established in Three Major Regions of the U.S.: Version 3.0 (Simpson et al., 2020).

      See also: You can access species occurrence data for the United States and U.S. Territories via the new pilot implementation of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF-US) data portal.
      Note: GBIF-US was formerly hosted at
      The existing BISON website was taken down on December 17, 2021 and users are now redirected to

      An Open-File Report 2018-1156, 15 p., related to the predecessor of the US-RIIS:

  • Catalog of U.S. Federal Early Detection/Rapid Response Invasive Species Databases and Tools

    • Mar 29, 2019

      (Video) Invasive Species 101 | National Geographic

    • DOI. USGS. ScienceBase Catalog.

    • USGS has published, and plans to update on a bimonthly basis into the foreseeable future, a dataset called "Catalog of U.S. Federal Early Detection/Rapid Response Invasive Species Databases and Tools." The catalog, developed in collaboration with the National Invasive Species Council Secretariat, is a multi-sheet spreadsheet that contains openly available, online, federally supported databases and tools dealing with various aspects of a potential national early detection and rapid response invasive species framework.
      Note: Version 2 was updated May 20, 2020.

  • Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)

  • Invasive Species Compendium (ISC)

    • CAB International.

    • The Invasive Species Compendium (ISC) is an encyclopaedic resource that brings together a wide range of different types of science-based information to support decision-making in invasive species management worldwide. It comprises detailed datasheets that have been written by experts, edited by an independent scientific organization, peer reviewed, and enhanced with data from specialist organizations, images, and maps, a bibliographic database and full text articles. New datasheets and data sets continue to be added, datasheets are reviewed and updated, and scientific literature added on a weekly basis. The ISC has been resourced by a diverse international Consortium of Government departments, Non-governmental organizations and private companies. The database is a living compendium and will grow over time.
      See also: Press Release (Jul 11, 2011) - New Invasive Species Database: Supports Food Security and Public Health (USAID Blog)

  • Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) Database

    • DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.

    • Serves as a central repository for accurate and spatially referenced biogeographic accounts of nonindigenous aquatic vertebrates and invertebrates. Provided are scientific reports, online/realtime queries, spatial data sets, regional contact lists, and general information for aquatic vertebrates and invertebrates occurring outside of their native range. The geographical coverage is the United States.

All Resources

View and Filter All Database Resources

Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources of this type, organized by source.

  • Database of Island Invasive Species Eradications

    • Island Conservation; Invasive Species Specialist Group; University of California, Santa Cruz; Maanaki Whenua-Landcare Research; University of Auckland.

    • A centralized database covering all of the recorded invasive vertebrate eradications on islands and an important tool in helping improve the quality of eradications.

  • Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS)

    • University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

    • Early Detection and Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS), provides a more accurate picture of the distribution of invasive species. EDDMapS will allow land managers, agencies, and others to set priorities for early detection and rapid response (EDRR), as well as formulate overall invasive plant management action plans. EDDMapS provides online tools for citizens to report invasive species sightings and maps these sightings to provide distribution information by species, state, and county.

  • European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO) Databases

    • European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

    • Contains several databases: EPPO Codes, EPPO Global Database, EPPO Database on PP1 Standards – Efficacy evaluation of PPPs, EPPO Database on Diagnostic Expertise, and CAPRA (Computer Assisted Pest Risk Analysis).

  • Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)

    • Global Biodiversity Information Facility.

    • The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) is an international network and data infrastructure funded by the world's governments and aimed at providing anyone, anywhere, open access to data about all types of life on Earth.

      Provides mapping functions for species globally. The GBIF network draws sources together through the use of data standards, such as Darwin Core, which forms the basis for the bulk of's index of hundreds of millions of species occurrence records. Publishers provide open access to their datasets using machine-readable Creative Commons license designations, allowing scientists, researchers, and others to apply the data in hundreds of peer-reviewed publications and policy papers each year. Many of these analyses—which cover topics from the impacts of climate change and the spread of invasive and alien pests to priorities for conservation and protected areas, food security and human health— would not be possible without this.

      Note: USGS's BISON (Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation) which provided North American species occurrence data and maps is moving away from the 10-year-old infrastructure of the existing BISON website ( to a GBIF data portal for the U.S. ( provided by the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), which will be live on October 1, 2021. The existing BISON website will be taken down on December 17, 2021 at which time users will be redirected to

  • InvaCost Database: Economic Cost Estimates Associated with Biological Invasions

    • figshare.

    • InvaCost is the most up-to-date, comprehensive, standardized and robust data compilation and description of economic cost estimates associated with invasive species worldwide. InvaCost has been constructed to provide a contemporary and freely available repository of monetary impacts that can be relevant for both research and evidence-based policy making.

      (Video) How do you practice stewardship for invasive or dangerous species?

  • Invasive Plant Control Database

    • Midwest Invasive Plant Network.

    • Provides information on how to control many invasive plants common to the Midwestern U.S. Information was collected from both scientific literature and expert opinions and summarized by the Midwest Invasive Plant Network (MIPN), in partnership with the Mark Renz lab from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

  • - Images of Invasive and Exotic Species

    • University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

  • North American Bat Monitoring Program (NABat)

    • North American Bat Monitoring Program.

    • Launched in 2015, the North American Bat Monitoring Program (NABat) is a continental program that monitors bats at local and range-wide scales. NABat monitoring efforts focus on the 46 species of bats shared by Canada, the United States and Mexico. NABat provides reliable data to promote effective conservation and long-term viability of bat populations and is jointly led by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the U.S. Geological Survey. Participating members include U.S. Forest Service, National Park Service and other federal, state and provincial agencies in the U.S. and Canada, local and regional agencies, native Tribes, academic institutions, businesses and conservation organizations.

      White-nose syndrome has killed over 90% of northern long-eared, little brown and tri-colored bat populations in fewer than 10 years, according to a new study published in Conservation Biology.
      See also: Summing Up NABat Successes (U.S. Forest Service, CompassLive - Aug 5, 2021)



  • Weeds Australia

Federal Government
  • National Invasive Species Information Management System (NISIMS) - Plants

    • Mar 8, 2021, V1.2

    • United States Geological Survey.

      (Video) Invasive Species

    • The Bureau of Land Management's National Invasive Species Information Management System (NISIMS) is designed to collect field data and store it in a standard database to allow for data sharing and reporting at the local, state and national levels. At this time, the system reports and tracks weed infestations only, Future versions of the system will report and track infestations by all taxa including weeds, birds, fish, and algae. The system also reports and tracks treatments of these invasive weed species infestations on public lands.

  • Distribution Mapping and Analysis Portal (DisMAP)

    • DOC. NOAA. Fisheries.

    • DisMAP provides easy access to information to track and understand distributions of marine species in the U.S. Marine Ecosystems. Launch the portal to explore, visualize and interact with information on marine species distributions. The portal is part of NOAA Fisheries ongoing efforts to increase the delivery and use of climate-related information to advance climate-smart science and management decisions. The portal enables users to view, download, dynamically explore and visualize data and information on species distributions. Specifically, users can explore changes in species distributions on a map and view time series graphs showing changes in key metrics of a species distribution (e.g., average latitude, average depth) over time for over 800 species collected in NOAA bottom trawl surveys.

      See also: NOAA Showcases New Mapping Tool for Marine Species: Data Reveals Fish are Shifting into Different Waters (News Release - Apr 19, 2022)

  • Fire Effects Information System (FEIS)

    • USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.

    • This database contains literature reviews of botanical characteristics, life cycle, habitat, succession, distribution, impacts, fire ecology, and fire effects for 1000 plant and animal species, including 67 non-native invasive species. Future plans include updating many of these "species summaries" and adding 30-40 more summaries of non-native invasives over the next 1.5 years.

  • Great Lakes Aquatic Nonindigenous Species Information System (GLANSIS)

    • DOC. NOAA. Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory.

    • The present database targets nonindigenous aquatic species that are not considered to have been native to any part of the Great Lakes basin. GLANSIS functions as a Great Lakes specific node of the USGS NAS national database.

  • National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System (NEMESIS)

    • Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Marine Invasions Research Lab.

    • NEMESIS is a resource for information on non-native (or exotic) species that occur in coastal marine waters of the United States. This relational database compiles detailed information on approximately 500 different non-native species of plants, fish, invertebrates, protists and algae that have invaded our coastal waters. The database identifies which species have been reported, their current population status (i.e., whether established or not), as well as when, where, and how they invaded; it also summarizes key information on the biology, ecology, and known impacts of each invader.

  • PLANTS Database

    • USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.

    • The PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories. The database includes names, checklists, automated tools, identification information, species abstracts, distributional data, crop information, plant symbols, plant growth data, plant materials information, plant links, references, and other plant information. The PLANTS database contains native and naturalized plants of the PLANTS Floristic Area (PFA), which consists of North America and all additional U.S. territories and protectorates.
      Note: The Invasive/Noxious Weeds data in the previous PLANTS version were outdated and not migrated to the new PLANTS version (new site launched in Spring 2021). A new PLANTS Invasive/Noxious Weeds dataset has been developed and will be deployed to PLANTS in a later release.

      (Video) Hokkaido gypsy moth detected for the first time in the U.S.

(Video) Center for Invasive Species Research


What is an invasive species Question 1 options? ›

An invasive species is an introduced, nonnative organism (disease, parasite, plant, or animal) that begins to spread or expand its range from the site of its original introduction and that has the potential to cause harm to the environment, the economy, or to human health.

What's an example of an invasive species? ›

Many invasive species are introduced into a new region accidentally. Zebra mussels are native to the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea in Central Asia. Zebra mussels arrived in the Great Lakes of North America accidentally, stuck to large ships that traveled between the two regions.

How do I report invasive species in California? ›

Please note that we can only respond to reports of species in California. For questions about sightings of a known or potentially invasive animal (non-insect) or marine plant in California, please contact the Invasive Species Program at (866) 440-9530 or send an email to

How do I report invasive species in Washington State? ›

You can report non-native, invasive species through the Washington Invasive Species Council or the WA Invasives app (available in the Apple and Google app stores). Please call WDFW's Aquatic Invasive Species hotline with any questions at 1-888-WDFW-AIS or email

Are humans an invasive species? ›

Humans have effectively become an invasive species, taking over the homes and resources of animals across the globe. People continue to expand into new lands and territories to compensate for an ever-growing population, converting natural land into cities with homes, offices, shopping centers, and more.

Why is invasive species a problem? ›

Invasive species are capable of causing extinctions of native plants and animals, reducing biodiversity, competing with native organisms for limited resources, and altering habitats. This can result in huge economic impacts and fundamental disruptions of coastal and Great Lakes ecosystems.

How can we control invasive species? ›

Herbicides are among the most effective and resource-efficient tools to treat invasive species. Most of the commonly known invasive plants can be treated using only two herbicides—glyphosate (the active ingredient in Roundup™ and Rodeo™) and triclopyr (the active ingredient in Brush-BGone™ and Garlon™).

How do invasive species affect humans? ›

Invasive species can negatively impact human health by infecting humans with new diseases, serving as vectors for existing diseases, or causing wounds through bites, stings, allergens, or other toxins (Mazza et al. 2013).

What is the most invasive plant in California? ›

1. Algerian ivy (Hedera canariensis)

Where have most of the invasive species in the US come from? ›

Invasive species are primarily spread by human activities, often unintentionally. People, and the goods we use, travel around the world very quickly, and they often carry uninvited species with them. Ships can carry aquatic organisms in their ballast water, while smaller boats may carry them on their propellers.

What animals are not native to California? ›

  • Black rat.
  • Coypu (also known as nutria)
  • Fallow deer.
  • Axis deer (eradicated)
  • Feral cat.
  • Feral dog.
  • Feral pig.

Do I need an invasive species sticker in Washington state? ›

Washington state law requires owners of watercraft registered in another state or country to purchase an aquatic invasive species (AIS) prevention permit before placing or operating the watercraft in any waterbody in the state.

Which of the following are invasive species in Washington State? ›

English ivy, knotweeds, Scot's broom, and tansy ragwort are extensive problems west of the Cascades. Knapweeds, leafy spurge, thistles and many others degrade eastern portions of the state. Loosestrife, milfoil, and parrotfeather clog waterways. Spartina and reed canary grass alter shoreline ecosystems.

Are dogs invasive species? ›

Consequently, dogs are a significant cause for species declines and extinctions around the globe, having become the third most significant invasive alien mammalian predator. However, often they are overlooked and not considered as a serious threat to wildlife.

What is the ultimate invasive species on Earth? ›

Sometime after 70,000 years ago our species, Homo sapiens, left Africa to begin its inexorable spread across the globe. Other human species had established themselves in Europe and Asia, but only our H.

Are cats invasive species? ›

Introduced to the United States with European colonists, the number of domestic cats has tripled in the past 40 years. Today, more than 100 million feral and outdoor cats function as an invasive species with enormous impacts. Every year in the United States, cats kill well over 1 billion birds.

Why is it important to control invasive species? ›

Without their natural predators, invasive species can spread aggressively, edging out native species, devastating ecosystems, and costing a lot of money.

Is invasive species good or bad? ›

Invasive species are the stock villains of conservation biology, disrupting ecosystems and throwing native populations into disarray. But in certain cases, they're actually quite beneficial, and perhaps it's time to recognize that. In California, for example, native butterflies feed on non-native plants.

Why are invasive species so successful? ›

Invasive species are often successful in their new ecosystems because they can reproduce and grow rapidly, or because their new environment lacks any natural predators or pests. As a result, invasive species can threaten native species and disrupt important ecosystem processes.

What are 5 facts about invasive species? ›

Fascinating Facts About Five Invasive Species
  • Fire ants work well as a team. ...
  • Stink bugs like to hang out in large groups. ...
  • Formosan termites love to eat. ...
  • European starlings are thieves. ...
  • Africanized honeybees won't give up without a fight. ...
  • Learn more.

Are invasive species always bad? ›

Invasive species have a particularly catastrophic impact on island ecosystems, where cats and pigs prey on native animals and plants. But in some places, the Science study found, new species may play a crucial role in dispersing plants and helping them adapt to climate change.

Why is it difficult to control invasive species? ›

It is difficult to control invasive species because they have a high rate of reproduction, limited predators in the new ecosystem, and a generalist survival strategy. Invasive species tend to have high rates of reproduction, which means that even a few organisms released into the wild can quickly expand the population.

How do invasive species affect the economy? ›

The economic and social impacts of invasive species include both direct effects of a species on property values, agricultural productivity, public utility operations, native fisheries, tourism, and outdoor recreation, as well as costs associated with invasive species control efforts.

When did invasive species become a problem? ›

The national focus on invasive species arose in the 19th century, primarily owing to losses in agriculture (due to weeds or plant diseases), the leading industry of the time. A few recently arrived invasive species, and estimates of adverse economic impacts exceeding $100 billion annually have sharpened that focus.

How do invasive plants spread? ›

Invasive plant seeds are often distributed by birds, wind, or unknowingly humans allowing seed to moving great distances. Some invasives have aggressive root systems that spread long distances from a single plant. These root systems often grow so densely that they smother the root systems of surrounding vegetation.

How do invasive species spread disease? ›

Natural dispersal from neighbouring locations:

Spores of invasive diseases or fungus can be spread when insects or animals pick up these spores on their fur or bodies and transfer them to another spot. Insects or spores of invasive diseases could be spread into adjacent areas by being carried in gusts of winds.

Are invasive species a global issue? ›

IUCN, the World Conservation Union, states that the impacts of alien invasive species are immense, insidious, and usually irreversible. They may be as damaging to native species and ecosystems on a global scale as the loss and degradation of habitats. Hundreds of extinctions have been caused by invasive alien species.

What are the positive and negative effects of an invasive species on the environment? ›

They have no documented negative impacts and provide recreational opportunities and a food source. However, when these alien species begin to have negative consequences in the new habitat, they are called invasive species. Invasive species may cause environmental harm, economic harm, or impact human health.

Are sunflowers invasive in California? ›

Helianthus ciliaris is listed by Randall as invasive in several areas, including California, where it is an A-rated noxious weed due to impacts in agricultural fields. Reference(s):

Are sunflowers native to California? ›

Helianthus californicus is a North American species of sunflower known by the common name California sunflower. It is native to California in the United States and Baja California in Mexico, where it grows in many types of habitats.

What trees are invasive in Ohio? ›

The following plants are designated as invasive in Ohio:
  • Amur honeysuckle (Lonicera maackii)
  • Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellate)
  • Black dog-strangling vine, black swallowwort (Vincetoxicum nigrum)
  • Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) (effective on January 2023)
  • Spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe ssp.
15 May 2018

What is the number 1 invasive species in the US? ›

Feral swine are widely considered to be the most destructive invasive species in the United States. They can do remarkable damage to the ecosystem, wrecking crops and hunting animals like birds and amphibians to near extinction.

What are the top 10 invasive species in the US? ›

They're Taking Over
  • Cane Toads.
  • Kudzu.
  • Gray Squirrel.
  • Killer Bees.
  • Starlings.
  • Northern Snakehead.
  • Zebra Mussels.
  • Burmese Python.

What animal can only be found in California? ›

San Francisco garter snake (Reptiles)

Not only is this one of the coolest animals endemic to California, but it's in the running for the most beautiful animals of any kind in the world.

Does California have armadillos? ›

They are common in many Latin American countries and can also be found in some of the southwestern states in the U.S. All but one of the armadillo species live in Latin America. The nine-banded armadillo is the one that can be found in the U.S., including California.

Are there moose in California? ›

California – There are no moose in the state of California.

What is an invasive species Quizizz? ›

A non-native (not naturally found) species added to an area.

What makes a species invasive? ›

Invasive species has a specific definition: A non-native species that causes harm to the environment, economy, or human, animal, or plant health (Executive Order 13751).

What makes a species invasive quizlet? ›

The National Invasive Species Council's Executive Order 13112 defines an invasive species as "an alien species whose introduction does or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health." Thus, an invasive species is one that is non-native to an ecosystem.

What's an invasive species Brainly? ›

Invasive species are also termed as Alien species or non native species. These species when introduced they spread outside the natural habitats and threatens biodiversity. The negative impacts of invasive species are impact on food, security, plant, animal and human health can be extensive and substantial.

Why are invasive species grow so quickly? ›

Since invasive species are in a new environment, free from natural predators, parasites, or competitors, they often develop large population sizes very rapidly. These high populations can out-compete, displace or kill native species or can reduce wildlife food and habitat.

Why are invasive species such a problem in their new ecosystem Quizizz? ›

Invasive Species are native to an area. Invasive species are prey to many animals. Invasive species have no natural predators in their new environment. Invasive species keep the ecosystems in equilibrium.

Why do the populations of invasive species grow quickly? ›

Invasive species are often successful in their new ecosystems because they can reproduce and grow rapidly, or because their new environment lacks any natural predators or pests.

How can we control invasive species? ›

Herbicides are among the most effective and resource-efficient tools to treat invasive species. Most of the commonly known invasive plants can be treated using only two herbicides—glyphosate (the active ingredient in Roundup™ and Rodeo™) and triclopyr (the active ingredient in Brush-BGone™ and Garlon™).

How do invasive species affect humans? ›

Invasive species can negatively impact human health by infecting humans with new diseases, serving as vectors for existing diseases, or causing wounds through bites, stings, allergens, or other toxins (Mazza et al. 2013).

Which is true of invasive species? ›

All invasive species spread rapidly in an environment that does not have natural predators. As an outcome, these species disrupt the sense of balance in the ecosystem and also threatens the native species' existence.

How much do invasive species cost the United States every year? ›

The annual U.S. cost from invasives is estimated to be $120 billion, with more than 100 million acres affected (i.e., about the size of California).

What are the main causes of biodiversity loss? ›

The main direct cause of biodiversity loss is land use change (primarily for large-scale food production) which drives an estimated 30% of biodiversity decline globally. Second is overexploitation (overfishing, overhunting and overharvesting) for things like food, medicines and timber which drives around 20%.

Why should we care about invasive species? ›

So why should we care? Invasive species cause harm to native species in the form of food, water, and shelter competition. Just like cities get overpopulated, so do ecosystems. This competition can cause the native species to face extinction!

How can we protect endangered animals essay Brainly? ›

Volunteer to maintain a local nature reserve, campaign against deforestation or create a space for nature in your garden. Educate others. People are more likely to want to save animals if they know about them.

Are all invasive species bad? ›

Context is everything: some species are clearly harmful to biodiversity and ecosystem function; others may have benefits. Some, like the green crab, might be both good and bad, depending on context.


1. Water soldier (Stratiotes aloides) eradication efforts in Ontario
(Invasive Species Centre)
2. Controlling Invasive Phragmites - Light at the end of the tunnel
(Invasive Species Centre)
3. Unpacking the Programs and Policies of Invasive Free Gardening in Ontario
(Invasive Species Centre)
4. An Introduction to Invasive Terrestrial Plants
(Invasive Species Centre)
5. What is The National Invasive Species Council?
6. Invasive Species 101
(Nebraska Game & Parks Education)

Top Articles

Latest Posts

Article information

Author: Kimberely Baumbach CPA

Last Updated: 01/03/2023

Views: 6256

Rating: 4 / 5 (41 voted)

Reviews: 88% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Kimberely Baumbach CPA

Birthday: 1996-01-14

Address: 8381 Boyce Course, Imeldachester, ND 74681

Phone: +3571286597580

Job: Product Banking Analyst

Hobby: Cosplaying, Inline skating, Amateur radio, Baton twirling, Mountaineering, Flying, Archery

Introduction: My name is Kimberely Baumbach CPA, I am a gorgeous, bright, charming, encouraging, zealous, lively, good person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.